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Understanding International Policy on HIV and Breastfeeding: A Comprehensive Resource Kit
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- Breastfeeding while living with HIV: Nonhlanhla's story - watch video
Mentor Mothers provide health, education and psychosocial support to other HIV-positive mothers on how they can best protect their babies from HIV infection, and keep themselves and their families healthy. That support encouraged Nonhlanhla Dubazane, a woman living with HIV in South Africa, to share the life-saving gift of breastfeeding with her infant.
Breast milk gives infants the nutrients they need for healthy development and protects them from common childhood illnesses, such as diarrhea and pneumonia. The World Health Organization recommends that a woman exclusively breastfeed during the first six months of her baby's life. A woman living with HIV can also breastfeed, as long as she and her baby are taking their antiretroviral medication correctly. Together, breastfeeding and antiretrovirals can significantly improve an infant's chances of surviving while remaining HIV-negative.
- Helping stop mothers giving their babies HIV
14 October 2013 Last updated at 06:32 BST
Africa carries the biggest burden of HIV in the world, but the picture is improving through a concerted effort to prevent mother to infant infections. A combination of drugs and education programmes means that only half as many HIV-positive mothers in Africa are now passing on the virus to their babies, compared to a decade ago. The BBC's Anne Soy visited one such baby and his mother in Nairobi.
- Abrams E, Eliminating vertical transmission, Rights here, right now: Slide presentation at XVIII International AIDS Conference, July 18-23, 2010, Vienna, Austria
- ICAP Infant Feeding in the Context of HIV slide set
- ICAP Video, Saving two lives: Improving retention, adherence & psychsocial support within PMTCT services, Uploaded by ICAP Columbia on 3 Mar 2011
This video is a component of the "Improving Retention, Adherence and Psychosocial Support within PMTCT Services: A Toolkit for Health Workers," ; reinforces key PMTCT messages; can be shown to a wide range of audiences, including PMTCT clients, family members, and caregivers of HIV-exposed and HIV-infected children; including in clinic waiting rooms, as part of group education sessions, and in the community.
- Israel-Ballard K, HIV in breastmilk killed by flash-heating, new study finds, Demonstration of flash-heating breastmilk, UC Berkeley, 15 May 2007
- Mbori-Ngacha D, Elimination of mother-to-child transmission, Plenary presentation, CROI 2012 Seattle, Washington, 7 Mar 2012
- Absence of Detectable HIV-1 Viremia after Treatment Cessation in an Infant
Persaud D, Gay H, Ziemniak C, Chen YH, Piatak M, Chun T-W, Strain M, Richman D, and Luzuriaga K, N England Journal of Medicine, DOI:10.1056/NEJMoal302976, 23 Oct 2013
An infant born to a woman with human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) infection began receiving antiretroviral therapy (ART) 30 hours after birth owing to high-risk exposure. ART was continued when detection of HIV-1 DNA and RNA on repeat testing met the standard diagnostic criteria for infection. After therapy was discontinued (when the child was 18 months of age), levels of plasma HIV-1 RNA, proviral DNA in peripheral-blood mononuclear cells, and HIV-1 antibodies, as assessed by means of clinical assays, remained undetectable in the child through 30 months of age. This case suggests that very early ART in infants may alter the establishment and long-term persistence of HIV-1 infection.
Further descriptions of the case can be found at:
Medscape Medical News
Conference News, NIH: Toddler 'Functionally Cured' of HIV, Allison Shelley, Mar 04, 2013
Medscape Medical News
Conference News, Next Steps for HIV Research After Toddler Functionally Cured, Lorraine L. Janeczko, Mar 07, 2013
HIV cure: the long road ahead, Keith Alcorn, Published: 31 May 2013
Videos of Dr Hannah Gay describing her case and answering questions at Oxford Union, can found here:
I cured HIV, Video 1 of 4, >38 mins
Future Prognosis for Mississippi Baby, Video 2 of 4, 2.04 mins
Finding a Cure for AIDS, Video 3 of 4, 2.30 mins
Curing the Mississipi Baby, Video 4 of 4, 3.25 mins
updated 13 July, 2018